The outgoing 2019 has been eventful, sometimes controversial and debatable, but no less interesting and important for the entire market. Specialists of the National Center of PPP, based on the data support platform infrastructure projects «ROSINFRA», prepared the final thematic overview of the key findings and trends of the year.
At the end of the year in Russia there are 3601 PPP project in different forms and at different stages of implementation. The total volume of attracted investments of 3.9 trillion rubles., Of which 2.8 trillion rubles. - private investors. In the past year more than 200 large and medium-size PPP projects have been the closure of the commercial stage. The total amount of contracted investment in PPP projects is estimated at about 600 billion rubles.
PPP began to penetrate into new spheres. In May, on the sidelines SPIEF was signed the first federal SGCHP (224-FZ) in the field of IT-infrastructure. Private investors involved to solve the traffic problems of the country, including the implementation of a comprehensive plan for the development of backbone infrastructure projects. No less successful was the year for financing agreements already signed, in particular, the project of creating «Vinogradovo - Boltino - Tarasovka» infrastructure of Murmansk port, road construction, and open lines of credit for the construction of the bridge across the Ob River in Novosibirsk, received funding for a fourth station Central beltway.
A number of transport projects put in a so-called «stop list», their fate is unknown. We are talking about the construction of the East exit from Ufa - one of the largest and most expensive projects in the Republic of Bashkortostan worth 34 billion rubles. This year, its implementation is suspended, the negotiations for the harmonization of the new conditions in order to reduce the fiscal burden. This situation and the railway line of the Bovanenkovo ​​- Sabetta. In August, a group of «VIS» and YANAO government decided to terminate the SGCHP with the aim of transforming it into a federal SSHH-2 as part of the concession. A subsidiary of «VIS» - «VIS TransStroj» - has received from the regional budget of about 937.4 million rubles. compensation for costs incurred.
Actively started to develop PPPs and in the social sphere: regional hospitals are being built, schools, kindergartens and innovation centers. In 2019 in the Yamalo-Nenets District 13 deals with a total investment of more than 10 billion rubles. for the construction of kindergartens, 5 concession agreements for the construction of schools lies in the Khanty, the Novosibirsk region to business closure came the project of creating a network of urban clinics. In Yakutsk there was a commercial closure of the PPP project to build State Philharmonic and the Arctic Center of the epic and the arts with a capacity of 1500 seats, signed by Russia's first concession agreement for the construction of the children's camp «Polar Star".
By the end of the year to create a list of potential projects, the development of which we can see in 2020. This long-awaited bridge across the Lena River in Yakutia, and the Ministry of Defense logistics complexes, and the second «Severomuisk tunnel.» This interest in the creation of infrastructure facilities showed foreign investors, such as waste-processing complex in the Kaliningrad region, a logistics center in the Tula region.
In 2019 there were few changes in the legislation governing PPPs. They were mostly dot amendments aimed at improving certain provisions of the legislation and the conclusion of concession agreements, procedures and agreements on PPP and MPP. All year, work continued on the draft law on the protection and promotion of investments, which caused heated debate among experts. Detail Expert release, prepared by the National Center for PPP, on the subject is available here. Corrective work is controversial provisions that could result in risks between the institutions of the PPP and the HCM will continue until the expected date of the second reading, before the end of January 2020.
In judicial practice and competition year has been relatively positive. During 2019 the courts issued 834 judicial act on the dispute related to the concession agreements; antitrust authorities adopted 47 decisions. In general, despite the presence of the point of negative judgments, the prevailing trend developing vessels qualitative approach to the use of civil law, concession law to legal relations arising on the basis of concession agreements. The courts interpret not only the rule of law, but also in terms of the concession agreement, applying to legal relationships considered general, civil law principles.
On the world market developed certain trends that will impact the future. Projects become larger, but also risky, pay more attention to the obligations of the public hand, the growing demand for 'green' investments and high-quality projects, data and processes are increasingly digitized, the country more actively share their practices and develop universal approaches to the Institute.

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